Контрольні завдання з англійської мови




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Міністерство освіти і науки України

Національний технічний університет України

“Київський Політехнічний Інститут ”

КОНТРОЛЬНІ ЗАВДАННЯ

З АНГЛІЙСЬКОЇ МОВИ



для студентів III курсу

механіко-машинобудівного інституту

заочної форми навчання


Київ – 2007

Контрольні завдання з англійської мови для студентів ІІІ курсу механіко-машинобудівного інституту заочної форми навчання / Уклад.: Я.С. Грищенко. – К.: КПІ, 2007. – 21 с.

Навчальне видання

КОНТРОЛЬНІ ЗАВДАННЯ

^ З АНГЛІЙСЬКОЇ МОВИ



для студентів IІІ курсу

механіко-машинобудівного інституту

заочної форми навчання


Укладач: Грищенко Яна Сергіївна

З М І С Т

Передмова...................................................................................................................................................4

Контрольна робота №1..............................................................................................................................5




Контрольна робота №2..............................................................................................................................7

Контрольна робота №3..............................................................................................................................9

Контрольна робота №4............................................................................................................................11

Контрольна робота №1............................................................................................................................13

Контрольна робота №2............................................................................................................................15

Контрольна робота №3............................................................................................................................17

Контрольна робота №4............................................................................................................................19

Список використаної літератури............................................................................................................21

Передмова
Запропоновані контрольні завдання розроблені для студентів ІІІ курсу механіко-машинобудівного інституту заочної форми навчання, з метою підсумкового контролю знань студентів протягом третього навчального року.

Контрольні завдання складаються з 8 контрольних робіт, що поділені на два підсумкових блоки стосовно мовного матеріалу.

Кількість контрольних робіт, виконаних на кожному курсі, встановлюється учбовим закладом. Виконувати кожну контрольну роботу доцільно в окремому зошиті. Після одержання незадовільної рецензії рекомендується отримати додаткову консультацію з боку викладача.

Контрольна робота повинна бути виконана письмово у зошиті.
^ Зразок оформлення контрольної роботи:
Контрольна робота

з англійської мови

варіант №________

студента(ки) факультету_________

групи _____

П І Б
Перевірив(ла): ___________
У процесі підготовки до заліків та екзаменів рекомендується передивитись матеріал відрецензованих контрольних робіт.

До заліку допускаються студенти, які виконали програмні контрольні роботи та інші завдання в обсязі, передбаченому програмою.

3 курс 1 семестр
Контрольна робота № 1
І. In the following sentences find the Infinitive Constructions (Complex Object, Complex Subject) and translate them into Ukrainian.
1. We consider heat to be a form of energy.

2. This device appears to be of some interest.

3. It is supposed to be used in our experiment.

4. We observe the direction constantly change.

5. Gravity causes bodies to fall to the earth.
II. Check if you know the Participle Complexes (Constructions) and translate the sentences with them into Ukrainian.


  1. We observed the impurities falling out as a precipitate.

  2. This is a device used for detection and measurement of light, its principle of action being simple.

  3. You should have the job done professionally.

  4. The article deals with microwaves, particular attention being paid to radio location.

  5. He watched the part cooling during the process.


III. Define the tense-forms in the following sentences and translate them into Ukrainian.


  1. The system was experimented yesterday.

  2. I shall have finished this work when you come.

  3. These two underground lines will be linked in the nearest future.

  4. Several new office buildings have been constructed in the town lately.

  5. This new method is being widely discussed.


IV. State the function of the –ing forms in these sentences and translate them.


  1. Leaving the metal surface the electrons can produce considerable currents.

  2. One must not forget that there are plenty of problems remaining still unsolved.

  3. Having made a lot of experiments Faraday discovered the electromagnetic induction.

  4. In melting the ice keeps the same temperature.

  5. They insist on this experiment being made once more.


V. Translate the text into Ukrainian.
Mechanical engineering
The engineers typify the twentieth century. They are making a vast contribution in design, engineering and promotion. In the organization and direction of large-scale enterprises we need their analytical frame of mind. We need their imagination.

The engineers are either designing the product itself or inventing new products or testing the product, its components, and the materials in it; or analyzing its performance and making a mathematical analysis.

They may be engaged in the development of the new product, making drawings and specifications, or may be concerning themselves with the development of a new production process, or the adaptation of a current process to a new product.

The engineers can utilize their engineering know-how in determining the best processes and equipment for the mass production of high-quality products.

The project engineers can work in a field of design and installation of a highly automatic conveyer system for handling different kinds of parts between various assembly stations. They may be working on designing and developing tools, dies, jigs, assembly fixtures and welding fixtures for the production of an automotive body.

In the 20th century, the engineer had at his command many new sources of power. He worked hard to develop better materials, especially new alloys for special purposes. He wanted to make machinery automatic.
VI. Translate these sentences into Ukrainian.


  1. The engineer makes a great contribution to scientific progress.

  2. The work of engineer requires the analytical frame of mind and imagination.

  3. Mechanical engineers can work in the designing office, in the lab and in the production field of engineering.

  4. At present the engineer deals with the automation of production processes.

  5. The engineers’ main functions are designing, developing and testing the products.


VII. Find attributes in the following word combinations. Translate them.
Project engineer, current process, conveyer system, welding fixture, assembly station, laboratory research, transport system, research center.

VIII. State the Infinitives of the following Participle II of irregular verbs. Translate them – made, woken, taken, read, sat, gone, sent, got, had, said.


3 курс 1 семестр
Контрольна робота № 2
І. In the following sentences find the Infinitive Constructions (Complex Object, Complex Subject) and translate them into Ukrainian.


  1. I heard somebody speak in the next room.

  2. They are believed to work at this problem.

  3. This reaction was not expected to start at lower temperatures.

  4. You must make them check the results carefully.

  5. We find this value to be accurate enough.


II. Check if you know the Participle Complexes (Constructions) and translate the sentences with them into Ukrainian.


  1. Weather permitting, we shall be able to get there on Monday.

  2. They wanted the test results plotted and explained.

  3. The day being warm, we opened the windows.

  4. I had the machine repaired only last week.

  5. With the experiments having been carried out, they started new investigations.


III. Define the tense-forms in the following sentences and translate them into Ukrainian.


  1. The students were provided with all necessary materials.

  2. I have finished with the computer now.

  3. The weather is looking better today.

  4. The budget for the project has been cut.

  5. This lecturer is always listened to with great interest.


IV. State the function of the –ing forms in these sentences and translate them.


  1. We objected to your going there.

  2. I never doubted his working in this field of science.

  3. Using their minds and working together men can solve almost any problem.

  4. Even when working alone a scientist must know what others have done before him.

  5. The professor said that he would be waiting for the student at 11 o’clock.


V. Translate the text into Ukrainian.
What is engineering?
The engineering industry makes most of the things that are essential and useful: aerospace, cars, hospital equipment, telecommunications and even the humble kettle. Engineering also makes most of the things other industries need from cash dispensers and electronic mail for the banking industry to microphones and staging for the entertainment industry. In the production of everything from chocolates to the Channel Tunnel, the key individuals are the engineers. It's an industry that still contributes significantly to the wealth of the UK, the very diverse manufacturing industry sector alone generates around a third of the national wealth and employs approximately 32 percent of the working population.

In recent years, engineering has changed out of all recognition. The sheer speed of change in many manufacturing technologies is startling. Thanks to the introduction of computers and new technologies like Virtual Reality, people are more in control than ever. This also means the engineering employers are looking for people with a wider range of skills and personalities: from lone-theorists to more gregarious and practical individuals; from managers who can handle people, lead teams and solve problems, to creative designers with a keen sense of market realities. Engineering needs them all — women as well as men.
VI. Translate these sentences into Ukrainian.


  1. In designing even a simple machine complicated and specialized calculations are needed.

  2. Thanks to the introduction of computers and new technologies people are more in control than ever.

  3. In recent years engineering has changed out of all recognition.

  4. The main divisions of engineering are mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, civil engineering, structural engineering and chemical engineering.

  5. Any branch of engineering may require the special services of specialists from various branches.


VII. Find attributes in the following word combinations. Translate them.
Hospital equipment, entertainment industry, industry sector, market reality, steam engine, machine expert, tool designer, power line.

VIII. State the Infinitives of the following Participle II of irregular verbs. Translate them – led, taken, found, made, thought, had, said, gone, got, become.

3 курс 1 семестр
Контрольна робота № 3
І. In the following sentences find the Infinitive Constructions (Complex Object, Complex Subject) and translate them into Ukrainian.


  1. The reaction was found to run under reduced pressure.

  2. This substance seems to possess useful properties.

  3. Any substance is known to consist of billions of atoms and molecules.

  4. He is supposed to be working at his report.

  5. This modification of the method seems to be of great value.



II. Check if you know the Participle Complexes (Constructions) and translate the sentences with them into Ukrainian.


  1. The resistance being very large, the current in circuit was small.

  2. Having been carefully tested the device was put into operation.

  3. The student knowing English well, the exam did not last long.

  4. The problem being very simple, everybody understood it at once.

  5. He saw all his plants destroyed.


III. Define the tense-forms in the following sentences and translate them into Ukrainian.


  1. The air is supersaturated.

  2. We considered many questions concerning this particular problem.

  3. The new device had been tested for two hours when the chef engineer came and stopped the experiment.

  4. At this time tomorrow the new magnetic gear will be installed.

  5. In an effort to overcome these difficulties a great deal of experimental work has been carried out by the specialists.


IV. State the function of the –ing forms in these sentences and translate them.


  1. His having carried out the measurements so easily doesn’t surprise us.

  2. The rule against visitors entering the lab at the time of the experiment is strict.

  3. Their having failed to distinguish between these phenomena seems strange enough.

  4. Increasing the pressure we increase the force of friction.

  5. The escaping electrons flow from the cathode to the plate.


V. Translate the text into Ukrainian.
The essential triangle
Technological and industrial progress depends on the scientist, the engineer and the technologist — an essential triangle. Each makes major contribution to progress. The engineer depends upon the scientist for new knowledge and upon the technologist for specialized assistance in translating engineering plans into operating reality.

The interests of the research engineer are in the area of applied science and research. Scientists work in a world of generalizations and ab­stractions. The technologist, on the other hand, works in the real world of specific things and concrete objects. His problems are practical and they require practical solutions. He is more interested in how to do things. He must understand engineering tables and formulas and apply them in his work. The scientists, the research engineers, the technologists — all play an important role in the modern world.

The engineer must combine many of the characteristics of the scientist, research engineer and technologist. He must have a basic knowledge of the sciences, and understanding of the abstract techniques of the research engineer and he should know much of the technology employed by technologists.

Perhaps the most important function of the engineer is to integrate the work of the essential triangle. His interest must be in combining the abstract-theoretical world and the technical-practical world.
VI. Translate these sentences into Ukrainian.


  1. The essential triangle consists of the scientist, the technologist and the engineer.

  2. The student is to defend his diploma project next month.

  3. The scientist makes his contribution to progress through the investigation of the unknown.

  4. Scientists may investigate new means of production.

  5. The most important function of the engineer is to integrate the work of the essential triangle.


VII. Find attributes in the following word combinations. Translate them.
Research engineer, design product, abstract world, production system, pure science, automobile design, essential triangle, diploma project.
VIII. State the Infinitives of the following Participle II of irregular verbs. Translate them – kept, said, taken, had, risen, known, made, thought.


3 курс 1 семестр
Контрольна робота № 4
І. In the following sentences find the Infinitive Constructions (Complex Object, Complex Subject) and translate them into Ukrainian.


  1. We know the pressure to decrease as altitude increases.

  2. I found him to be a very clever man.

  3. These measures are known to increase the efficiency.

  4. Coal was found to be rather abrasive.

  5. Question should be considered to be settled.



II. Check if you know the Participle Complexes (Constructions) and translate the sentences with them into Ukrainian.


  1. The porous partition keeps the solutions separated.

  2. We observed the magnetic areas of films retaining their mirror-like appearance without any apparent deterioration.

  3. Only over-current protection is provided, the earth leakage protection being separated.

  4. They wished the installation adjusted properly.

  5. They had their car serviced by the mechanic at the garage.


III. Define the tense-forms in the following sentences and translate them into Ukrainian.


  1. We shall have finished our work by 6 o’clock.

  2. The positive particle in the nucleus was given the name of the “proton”.

  3. The electrons leaving the metal surface can produce considerable current.

  4. She says she has just had a telephone call from home.

  5. The students have been carrying out their experiment for 2 hours already.


IV. State the function of the –ing forms in these sentences and translate them.


  1. The turbulent flow of gases produces cooling.

  2. They continued testing until the sample was destroyed.

  3. Carrying this test successfully was helped by the careful investigations of outstanding scientists.

  4. Each specimen is tested again after being lowered into the acid.

  5. It is conventional starting the engine from cold.


V. Translate the text into Ukrainian.
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